This is a survey of different types of God that I’ve encountered in Christian belief, though I’m sure some or many of them are also present in other faiths. Notes and caveats at the end.
The theistic God is an independent being with a name, personality, will, emotion and morality. God can be weep, God can have desires, God can do good deeds. God is separate from people: God may send the Holy Spirit to indwell us, but that doesn’t make us divine. God is still a different being to us.
Some nuanced views within this:
There are many theistic Gods. They may differ in power, and definitely differ in personality and morality. Baal is a God, as is Allah, but you’re not to worship them.
God in the Metadivine Realm
The metadivine realm is the idea that there are supernatural laws governing God (or Gods for the henotheistic view). God cannot just forgive sin without the price being paid. God cannot create creatures with free will who do not sin.
God is infinite in certain characteristic ways. God is omni-present: not a being in a particular place that you could go and meet. God is omni-powerful, there are no metadivine rules to limit his power. God is all-good.
God is so infinite as to be literally indescribable. All one can say about God is what God is not. God can only be comprehended with negative statements: God is not evil, God is not divisible, God is not human, God is not understandable.
Hovering between Theism and Abstract Gods is the Deistic God. A being or force responsible for the creation of the universe, but one who is not now accessible from within it.
God is the name we give to something that is both important and beyond our comprehension. God is not a being or a person, but is the expression of something inexpressable. What that something is, can take various forms:
Pantheistic or Panentheistic God
God is the totality of the cosmos. Everything is God. But in the Panentheistic view God may be even greater still, having elements beyond the universe.
Ground of All Being
God is the reason there is something rather than nothing. And more than that, existence itself is God. Any talk about being is ultimately talk about God.
All our concerns, and deepest struggles point to God. Being human is about seeking meaning, purpose, place and morality, concerns which, if extrapolated fully, define God.
God is a product of human psychology and culture. It is not something above and beyond humanity, but something we have created.
Group-Dynamics God (Demotheism)
God is interconnected humanity. God’s will is an average of the will of everyone who believes. God’s actions are the actions of his followers. God’s morality changes with the changing morality of his church.
Mythical God (Ideotheism)
God is a myth that we have created to humanize our deepest concerns, to personify our fears and to give form to our desire for something beyond ourselves. Relating to our shared humanity would be impossible if we didn’t give it some form by our myth making.
All my usual caveats for these classification posts apply. I don’t think classifications are anything more than labels that may or may not be useful to you. Categories are not necessarily exclusive, you may find yourself drawn to many of them at the same or different times. Categories can never summarize the sheer diversity of reality, they only provide a model to hopefully help us understand it a little better.
I struggled here to give a fair description of the Abstract God concepts. Obviously abstract things, or things that are supposed to be indescribable, are hard to describe! But beyond that I have little patience with these models, so it may show. If you do have patience with them, please suggest alternative wordings, I’d like it to be as fair as possible.
And as always, comments and suggestions are more than welcome. Previous category posts I’ve done (such as forms of atheism, forms of non-theistic religion) have been expanded due to excellent comments from you!
And finally, please comment about which models you find reasonable, understandable or believable.